Morality can hold an individual responsible for their intent and a person can suffer punishment for their intent even if they never commit the action. If you wish to opt out, please close your SlideShare account. For example: There is no general law against lying except in certain situations like perjury when one is under oath in a court of law. Chapter Seven: Right and Wrong. 0000002305 00000 n Chapter Summary: The biggest problem in ethics and morality is whether or not there is a universal standard for them. Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong-Pojman Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Later chapters address special topics in personal and religious ethics as well as the most recent developments in moral theory, including a new chapter on Biology and Ethics. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. xref misleading. These behaviors help our society to flow smoothly. 0000000616 00000 n This how you know that you are buying the best documents. These rules we agree are to be enforced by the might of the ruler or the state. Written with Pojman's hallmark engaging, conversational manner with strong supporting pedagogy, this book challenges students to develop their own moral theories and to reason through ethical problems for themselves. ETHICS: DISCOVERING RIGHT AND WRONG, 8E begins with chapters orienting students to questions of meta-ethics and major moral theories. It neither follows, nor is true, that there is no difference between Hare’s two worlds. Some aspects of morality are not covered by law. You can change your ad preferences anytime. None of the social rituals claim any moral superiority over another. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. View Test Prep - Philosophy Ethics Discovering Right and Wrong Chapters 4 5 6 from PHIL 101 at San Diego State University. ETHICS: DISCOVERING RIGHT AND WRONG, Seventh Edition, offers a concise yet comprehensive overview of the fundamental objectives and outlooks of ethical theory. Both religious and secular ethics can and do agree. 0000005193 00000 n However, once a social custom is adopted, the practice of that custom appears as a moral rule that defers respect to all people in that society. Rules formed over time become internalized and hopefully hold us back from violent animal impulse and responses. 0000004378 00000 n 0000002636 00000 n Learn more. 0000002390 00000 n Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 Normative ethics is concerned with the content of moral judgements and the criteria for what is right or wrong. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Quick and easy check-out. 0000003806 00000 n <<67C6CB0C9CB9C7409F2975CDB30F2F59>]>> In the optional act, if you did it or did not do it, neither would be wrong. ... Stuvia customers have reviewed more than 450,000 summaries. Both are creations based on discoverable features. -- Vic McCracken, Abilene Christian University 0000000016 00000 n And, of course, along the way you'll master the basics of ethical philosophy. Not obeying the social customs could be termed in some cases immoral by society. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Morality is not purely an invention, as Mackie suggests, but it also involves a discovery. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. %PDF-1.4 %���� 976 0 obj <>stream See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. 961 16 Ethics Discovering Right and Wrong Third Edition LOUIS P. POJMAN UNITED STATES MILITARY The authors do a nice job of clarifying abstract philosophical concepts in a way that demonstrates their relevance in the real world." 961 0 obj <> endobj ETHICS: DISCOVERING RIGHT AND WRONG shows you how history's greatest thinkers have understood ethics and gives you the tools to decide for yourself what's moral and immoral. “ State of Nature” according to Hobbes means that people in society are insecure because they have reason to fear one another due to the fact of human equality and ability to harm one another and our human desire to fulfill our personal goals. Where there is no enforceable law, there is neither right or wrong, justice or injustice. The situation is analogous to Positivists saying there’s no difference between trailer Extensive notes of chapter 7 - Utilitarianism for the book Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong. This set covers the vocabulary found in the second chapter of Louis Pojman's book titled, "Ethics: Discovering the Right and Wrong." Not all “lawful” acts are necessarily “right” acts. We may compare morality to the development of the wheel. Moral principles must have authority to take precedence over other considerations and have the hegemonic authority to do so at any time. And, of course, along the way you'll master the basics of ethical philosophy. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 0000002524 00000 n If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 0000005327 00000 n Ethics, although it contains an element of human creativity and inventiveness, is even more clearly a discovery, something which is not of our own making but constitutes the blueprint for individual happiness and social harmony. startxref 0000004050 00000 n English law of 1351 against treason made it a crime to think about killing the king, but there was no way the law could enforce or fathom a person’s thoughts or intent. 0000003263 00000 n ETHICS: DISCOVERING RIGHT AND WRONG shows you how history's greatest thinkers have understood ethics and gives you the tools to decide for yourself what's moral and immoral. Study Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong discussion and chapter questions and find Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong study guide questions and answers. 1. 0000009315 00000 n x��W�OSW?�嵀��Qd��We��4�M�A>���tn�a��� Ys���L芢�0uRP�3�蒹9�@J�C�Bb2�2�.�-n�sν��?X�������|>��BH���:R v�"i��Y8. Only in the objectivist world is there anything that backs up subjective concerns. Ethics: Discovering Right And Wrong, 8th edition starts with easy to read chapters that introduce questions of major moral and meta-ethics theories. Social etiquette deals with the customs people in each culture habitually use and term acceptable. Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong-Pojman. ETHICS: DISCOVERING RIGHT AND WRONG, Sixth Edition, provides you with a concise yet comprehensive overview of the fundamental objectives and outlooks of ethical theory. Terms in this set (11) Ethical Relativism ETHICS: DISCOVERING RIGHT AND WRONG, Seventh Edition, offers a concise yet comprehensive overview of the fundamental objectives and outlooks of ethical theory. Hence the subtitle of this book: Discovering Right and Wrong. These are the questions posed by the author in the introductory Chapter One. Exam 2 (chapters 4, 5 & 6) Philosophy Questions Chapter 4 Value and the As of this date, Scribd will manage your SlideShare account and any content you may have on SlideShare, and Scribd's General Terms of Use and Privacy Policy will apply. 0000004300 00000 n "ETHICS: DISCOVERING RIGHT AND WRONG is an outstanding introductory ethics text, written with a keen eye to the abilities of upper-level undergraduate students. Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong Louis J. Pojman and James Fieser Seventh Edition. However, they need not do this. Hobbes emphasized that humans create a ‘social contract or covenant’ and agree to give up personal liberty in order to set up rules over us that we know we must obey. The title of the present book, Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong, is both an acknowledgement of the importance of Mackie’s view and a response to it. Written in a conversational manner with strong learning aids and numerous classical and contemporary examples, this book teaches you how to develop your own moral theories and competently reason through ethical problems … 0000009083 00000 n 3. 0 View Essay - Ethics Discovering Right and Wrong from FINANCE FINANCE/57 at University of Phoenix. No public clipboards found for this slide. %%EOF The rules of right conduct are evaluated and from this decisions are made. 0000009523 00000 n Religious and Secular ethics have two different orientations which often generate different moral principles and evaluation standings. Written with Pojman's hallmark engaging, conversational manner with strong supporting pedagogy, this book challenges students to develop their own moral theories and to reason through ethical problems for themselves. It is necessary for moral principles to be made public so that they are known by all, used and known to prescribe behavior in society, can be used to give advice, and can be used to assign praise or blame. The following chapters address special topics in religious and personal ethics, along with the most recent developments in moral theory, including a new chapter on Biology and Ethics. Ethics J. L. Mackie – Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong Chapter 1 - Notes Page 4 of 14 2. Given that humans act according to their motives and that motives are innumerable, a single standard for ethical behavior seems farfetched. Invention, as Mackie suggests, but it also involves a discovery: the problem... 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