[14] Additional species are listed in other references. They may be evergreen or deciduous, and are tolerant of different soil types. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. In spring or early summer, all bear … Privet is not native to North America, but various species have been introduced to the United States where they are widely used as ornamental shrubs and in hedgerows. The first species of privet was introduced into the United States in the 1700s as an ornamental plant used as a hedge or foliage for gardens. Webb, C. J.; Sykes, W. R.; Garnock-Jones, P. J. It is a large shrub or small tree that grows from 12 to 20 feet in height. Ligustrum amurense Amur privet Ligustrum ibota . The trunk is multistemmed with long, leafy branches. While the flowers are pretty, privet is primarily grown to form a thick, inpenetrable hedge. The earliest kinds were forms of the European Privet, Ligustrum vulgare, which is a semi-evergreen species once widely grown in Britain and America. Privet is a member of the olive family and will tolerate poor soil conditions and prefers full sun but will grow in shaded areas. Vol. They can reach a heigth of four to 15 feet and a width of four to eight feet. Christchurch, New Zealand, Botany Division, D.S.I.R.. "Ligustrum australianum Australian National Botanic Gardens", "So What Really Happened to our Railings? They often have conspicuous heads of white flowers followed by black berries. They often have conspicuous heads of white flowers[6] followed by black berries. [8] Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! IV. She is a certified interior decorator and specializes in writing interior design articles for eHow. Privet is not native to North America, but various species have been introduced to the United States where they … Privet (Lingustrum) are sturdy evergreen shrubs that are the most common hedge plant in the United States. Small white flowers appear in June; fruits are green in summer and turn blue-black in fall. Many other Ligustrum species… There are several different species and types of privet grown in gardens. The U.S. Forest Service considers it invasive. Leaves are dark green, glossy and oval. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Privet shrubs have dark green foliage. Its leaf color is dark green, turning purplish in the fall. The USDA Forest Service considers it invasive. This plant is considered invasive as it can form dense thickets that can crowd out native species. Privet, of the genus Ligustrum, includes 40 to 50 species of evergreen, semi-evergreen and deciduous shrubs. Common privet is a dark green, bushy, hedge that can grow to 15 feet tall and 12 feet wide. Amend the soil if there are any areas of poor soil. The generic name was applied by Pliny the Elder (23–79 CE) to L. Common or European privet (Ligustrum vulgare) and Chinese privet (L. sinense) have escaped into the wild in South Carolina to become weedy and invasive pests.Birds eat the small, black fruit and deposit the seeds everywhere. It is a popular hedge for northern and southern climates and is highly adaptable to many soil types. Chinese privet is adaptable to a variety of soil types and is drought tolerant. Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense variegata) is a semi-evergreen large shrub or small tree that grows to 12 feet in height. [11] The decoction of privet leaves or bark helps to treat diarrhea, stomach ulcers, chronic bowel problems, chapped lips, sore mouths and throats, and a wash for skin problems. Privet became very popular in Britain as a replacement for ornamental railings around properties, which had been lost to the 1941 Government compulsorily requisitioning of all post-1850 iron gates and railings for the war effort[9] the idea being that the donated metal would be melted down for use in the manufacture of armaments in WWII, although this ultimately did not happen. Native to Europe, it is commonly used as a hedge. Privet is not native to North America, but various species have been introduced to the United States where they are widely used as ornamental shrubs and in hedgerows. [7] The tree species, especially Chinese privet is frequently used as a street tree in Europe, while other species including Ligustrum japonicum and Ligustrum quihoui are among the others also sometimes used as ornamental plants in gardens. Privet is tolerant of a variety of soil types, as well as different levels of acidity and alkalinity, so long as it drains well. [7] At least some privet species are known to be toxic to horses.[13]. Dark purple or black fruits form in clusters and can be poisonous to humans. This hardy plant tolerates a wide variety of soil types and requires little maintenance. Fran Whitman began writing professionally in 2009. This plant is considered invasive and hard to remove once established. They take well to shearing and can be clipped into almost any shape. Currently privet is designated as a foreign invasive plant in … Common privet, or ligustrum vulgare is a type of privet hedge. Privet is a group of shrubs and small trees of southern and eastern Asia, from the Himalayas extending into Australia. [4] It is often suggested that the name privet is related to private, but the OED states that there is no evidence to support this.[5]. Whitman is also an avid gardener and enjoys writing gardening articles for Garden Guides. 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