Fast growing with a wide crown, Argentine mesquite trees are not recommended for small urban spaces. There are 3 common species of NATIVE mesquite trees: Screwbean Mesquite (Prosopis pubescens ), Honey Mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa), and Velvet Mesquite (Prosopis velutina). There are other nonnative species which … There are several mesquite tree varieties that do well in Arizona soil and sun. When the tree blooms, it produces cream-colored flowers. Like many members of the Legume Family, mesquite trees restore nitrogen to the soil. Honey Mesquite Tree. The native mesquite (Prosopis velutina) is a native deciduous Arizona tree that grows to between 25 and 40 feet tall. Native Desert Tree – Honey Mesquite Like many members of the legume family (called Fabaceae these days), mesquite restores nitrogen to the soil. Mesquite is the most common shrub/small tree of the desert southwest. Easy-Growing Shade and Long-Lived Adaptability Why Mesquite Trees?Known as the “Tree of Life,” the Mesquite Tree is famous for supplying shade, classic good looks and easy benefits. Hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, the trees woo homeowners with fast growth and graceful form. Some other types of desert plants that thrive in hot, arid environments are the Joshua tree, ironwood tree, chaste tree, and date palm trees. It is the Mesquite! There are three common species of mesquite: honey mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa), screwbean mesquite (Prosopis pubescens ) and velvet mesquite (Prosopis velutina). Here in Southern Arizona, it grows to 40 feet high with a spread of 60 feet or more. Chilean mesquite trees (Prosopis chilensis and hybrids) dominate urban landscapes in the American Southwest. In fact, Mesquites are extremely adaptable and tolerant to a wide range of growing conditions, making them well-suited to nearly any type of landscape. 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