© 1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). The middle phalanx meets the “distal” phalanx at the distal interphalangeal joint. Our general interest e-newsletter keeps you up to date on a wide variety of health topics. The second metatarsal may be overly long in some individuals, predisposing them to 2nd metatarsalgia. FootEducation LLC The forefoot contains the five toes (phalanges) and the five longer bones (metatarsals). The phalanges make up the bones of the toes. Get started! Mid-foot – The midfoot begins with the calcaneal-cuboid joint, and essentially ends where the metatarsals begin. The calcaneus meets the talus at the subtalar joint. They are connected to the rest of the foot by the metatarsal-phalangeal joint. The Phalanges(bones of the toes) There are 7 tarsal bones, 5 metatarsal bones and 14phalanges. It begins at the ankle joint and stops at the calcaneal-cuboid joint. The calcaneus (Figure 5) is commonly referred to as the heel bone. Mayo Clinic does not endorse any of the third party products and services advertised. This makes them especially susceptible to foot and ankle injuries, which can often be serious because of their brittle bones. Tweet. Get started! Fore-foot – the fore-foot is composed of the metatarsals and phalanges. Fourth and Fifth Metatarsal – The fourth and fifth metatarsal may have greater range of motion than the others do. They will also ask about how the injury occurred and perform an examination of the affected area. The talus rests above the calcaneous to form the subtalar joint. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. These bones help support the rest of your body while you are standing, walking, running, or exercising and can take a lot of pressure. All rights reserved. The talus is generally thought of as having three or four parts (Figure 4): The talar body is roughly square in shape and is topped by the dome. X-RAYS: X-rays can show if the ankle bone has been broken and how many pieces of broken bone there are. It is important to be familiar with some basic physical exam maneuvers necessary to confirm the presence of a lesion and to assess its severity. Your Florida Orthopaedic Institute physician will discuss your medical history and symptoms with you. The ankle joint (or talocrural joint) is a synovial joint located in the lower limb. San Francisco CA 94123. The membrane thickens at the lower part of the leg, in order to make the ankle more stable. The calcaneus (heel) and the talus are the bones which make up the rear portion of the foot/hindfoot. Flexor digiti minimi brevis (foot) The flexor digiti minimi brevis (foot) is a muscle that is located on … Advertisement. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Front surface of the third party products and services advertised malleolus, while the and. 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