1. When determining spacing, consider the tree's crown width when it reaches a useful size. Its range is throughout the Eastern US. Once established, hackberry trees need little care beyond the occasional pruning. Measure from the center of one tree to the center of the next. Resilient and adaptable, it tolerates wide-ranging soils and urban pollution, and it usually scoffs at wind. If you’re looking for a tough, long-lived shade tree, hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) might be just the right tree. The hackberry is my favorite deciduous tree and if I had room for only one tree it would be a Hackberry. Pruning hackberry tree. Its fleshy, purple-brown berries ripen in late summer and persist through winter. Alternate Names: Western Hackberry, Sugarberry, Paloblanco Description: A small native tree or large shrub growing to 30 feet with spreading crown and trunk diameter of 1 foot or more.Usually found along streams, canyons, and washes, in moist soil, plains grassland, upper desert, desert grassland, and woodland zones. PestsHackberry is susceptible to a variety of insect attacks that can cause some disfiguration of the leaves and branches, but they are of minor importance. The tree requires regular pruning during the first 15 years of growth to avoid weak branches and multiple trunks. We can design, provide trees and install a windbreak that will provide long-term protection, and have been doing it since 1971. An average of 6 to 20 feet for smaller trees is enough spacing, while between 50 to 60 feet apart is ideal for larger trees. ESFTV gives a terrific video overview of hackberry trees on YouTube. The Hackberry is a large, moderate-fast growth tree for zones 2-9, and can grow up to 90 ft tall. The fruit is a dark purple drupe (berry-like), approximately 1/4 inch in diameter which remains on the tree most of the winter.UseWindbreaks - Because of its ability to tolerate drought conditions, hackberry is a good choice for windbreak plantings. Native Range Celtis occidentalis, or Hackberry, is found growing throughout the state. To get more information on common hackberry trees and other deciduous trees click here or call Cold Stream Farm at 231-464-5809. The worst thing about hackberry is that woolly aphids feeding on the leaves drip sticky honeydew. The wood is used in furniture construction, boxes, crates and pallets.Wildlife - The fruit provides an excellent source of winter food for a variety of birds including quail, pheasant and turkey. Hackberry has remarkable adaptability. Hennepin County Minnesota. The common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) is a commonly mistreated tree. To find the ideal number of trees to be planted per acre, you can use a tree planting calculator. Uses: Used in inexpensive furniture where a light … It can grow 50-70 feet tall with a somewhat narrower spread. When determining spacing, consider the tree's crown width when it reaches a useful size. I fully agree with the author that this is an under-appreciated species. Hackberry has 7% shrinkage from green to 6 percent MC, compared to 6 percent, 7 percent, and 8 percent for the other three species, respectively. To find the ideal number of trees to be planted per acre, you can use a tree planting calculator. Top end size is smaller than most oaks but still it typically grows quite large. “junk trees,” but I find them beautiful. Indeed, hackberry has … Hackberry Tree Identification: The hackberry tree is a tree that grows to what is considered normal tree size. https://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/species/Asterocampa-celtis. We may earn an affiliate commission if you buy from one of our product links, at no extra cost to you. The Hackberry is a large, moderate-fast growth tree for zones 2-9, and can grow up to 90 ft tall. Deciduous tree; it drops its leaves in fall; Height: 75 to 100 feet; Width: 75 to 100 feet; Medium to fast growth Size and Shape A small to medium-sized tree, netleaf hackberry is slow growing; typically reaching 20 to 30 feet in height and width. Hackberry can be used in single row windbreaks to slow summer winds and increase the snow catch over fields during the The bark of hackberry provides year-round interest in landscapes. Plant them away from these areas or plan on sweeping regularly. Asked May 20, 2017, 11:50 AM EDT. It tolerates tough sites and excels in urban plantings. It is fast growing with a rounded vase crown and makes a good shade tree as it is resistant to urban pollution. Fill the hole half full with soil and add two gallons of water. Will Hackberry grow in this soil? Although hackberries are related to elms, they don’t suffer from Dutch Elm disease. cturtletrax/Getty Images. Plantings for wildlife use wider spacings, up to 20 feet, to encourage crown development and earlier seed production. The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14" to 60" of annual rainfall. Quite lovely! The common hackberry tree typically grows between 40 and 50 feet tall and wide. Plus, they clear toxins from the air more than most trees! Witch’s broom is another common problem that causes dense, twisted overgrowth at the ends of branches and twigs. These berries are edible, although they’re preferred mostly by the birds. However, once established, hackberry will tolerate upland soils. This encourages straight boles and small lower branches that self-prune at an earlier age. Native to central and northeastern North America, hackberry is one of the toughest and most adaptable deciduous trees in the country. In subsequent years, you can probably get by with watering only when the weather is dry, especially if the tree sits near an irrigated lawn. They have an upright, arching form with a graceful, open canopy. flat against the trunk or leave a little stob) and do we use wound dressing on the cut. Its botanical name is Celtis occidentalis, and it is a relative of elm trees but with larger leaves and distinctive dark berries. Our gardening obsessed editors and writers choose every product we review. Its range is throughout the Eastern US. It causes raised bumps on the leaves and discoloration. The berries are picked by birds (or foragers) before they hit the ground. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are greenish-white. Water the tree every week the first season after planting, especially during dry conditions, until the roots become established. Once established, a moderate rate of growth and tolerance to adverse weather can be expected. Hackberry has adapted statewide and grows best on deep, moist, fertile soils along streams. 5. Find the perfect Hackberry Tree stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Also, make sure to account for the large size of this tree when mature and space them accordingly. While at Kansas State University, a hackberry tree seemingly fell down on … The Hackberry is their host tree. This tree: Features leaves shaped like spearheads, approximately 2–4" and 1½–2" wide, arranged alternately along the twigs. People often confuse hackberry with elm due to similarities in the shape and size of these two species. 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