Founded in 1900, the Association of American Universities is composed of America’s leading research universities. AAU’s priorities, summaries, statements, letters, and other materials are included in this section. Five years later, in 1962, AAU opened a Washington office with a single staff person, and in 1969, created the Council on Federal Relations, a group of campus officials tasked with paying close attention to federal issues. Unlike in Europe, American higher education was decentralized and it was largely unregulated. In 1881, Marion Talbot and Ellen Swallow Richardsinvited 15 alumnae from 8 colleges to a meeting in Boston, Massachusetts. Die Präsidenten Benjamin Ide Wheeler von der University of California, Berkeley, Charles William Eliot von der Harvard University, William Rainey Harper von der University of Chicago, Seth Low von der Columbia University und Daniel Coit Gilman von der Johns Hopkins University luden im Februar 1900 die 14 führenden Universitäten zu einer Konferenz nach Chicago ein. By 1909, eight more public universities had been invited to join, making the composition of the organization half public and half private. AAU’s 65 research universities transform lives through education, research, and innovation. The purpose of this meeting was to create an organization of women college graduates that would assist women in finding greater opportunities to use their education, as well as promoting and assisting other women's college attendance. Following the war, the federal government began significantly expanding funding for university research through the existing NIH and the Office of Naval Research. AAU membership is by invitation only and requires an affirmative vote of three-quarters of … AAU’s 65 research universities transform lives through education, research, and innovation. Founded in 1900, it consists of 63 universities in the United States (both public and private) and two universities in Canada. Those collaborations continue. It focuses on improving undergraduate education and advancing liberal education. AAU’s 65 research universities transform lives through education, research, and innovation. The relationship continued to grow through World War II. Founded in 1915, AAC&U comprises more than 1,350 member institutions — including accredited public and private colleges, community colleges, research universities, and comprehensive universities… Of the original 14 universities, 11 were private and three were public. More than 150,000 students at 27 universities participated. Diploma mills proliferated and even shaky institutions could call themselves “universities” and award Ph.D.s. AAU member universities—63 in the United States and two in Canada—are on the leading edge of innovation, scholarship, and solutions that contribute to scientific progress, economic development, security, and well-being. Fourteen of the nation’s leading Ph.D.-granting institutions founded the Association of American Universities (AAU) in February 1900, at a two-day conference at the University of Chicago. The report said: "The publicly and privately supported colleges and research institutes are the centers of basic research… As long as they are vigorous and healthy and their scientists are free to pursue the truth wherever it may lead, there will be a flow of new scientific knowledge to those who can apply it to practical problems in Government, in industry, or elsewhere.". 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